The Future of Industrial Ecology: Hawai’i
March 10, 2014
Basic materials of trade and interest
In the early History of Hawai’i, the islands used resources of the islands. Very little trading among outside countries was happening.
According to “Recognition Of Hawaiian Independence” (2014), “On July 6, 1846, U.S. Secretary of State John C. Calhoun, on behalf of President Tyler, afforded formal recognition of Hawaiian independence. As a result of the recognition of Hawaiian independence the Hawaiian Kingdom entered into treaties with the major nations of the world and established over ninety legations and consulates in multiple seaports and cities” (para. 5).
This act has helped in the importing and exporting of goods to support not only Hawai’i but also the other countries involved. In 1875, a new trade agreement was made with a stipulation that the agreement was only good for 7 years. This treaty allowed for trading of almost all resources between the two countries, although the treaty is expressed with specifics in items. The United States was after two main things, sugar and the use of Pearl Harbor. Sugar was one of Hawaii’s biggest industries for world trade.
According to Fish (2014), Arrow-root eastor oil; bananas; nuts, vegetables, dried and undried preserved and unpreserved; bides and skins undressed; rice; pulu; seeds, plants, shrubs or trees; muscovado, brown, and all other unre-fined sugar, meaning hereby the grades of sugar heretofore commonly imported from the Hawaiian Islands and now known in the markets of San Francisco and Portland as “Sandwich Island sugar;” syrups of sugar-cane, melado, and molasses; tallow” (para. 4).
The trade agreements started the change seen in Hawai’i. With the over thrown of the Hawaiian Islands, trade also changed. The sugar plantations became the center focus, and slavery of many cultures from all over the world was brought to Hawai’i. After many different American wars against indigenous cultures on American soil, it became apparent American needed a security in goods and a military strategic point in the pacific to maintain their investment. Hawai’i gave this with Pearl Harbor and the local agriculture; thus the forced annexation began.
Energy flows analysis
Macadamia nuts are another industry, which still survives on the islands. The largest producer of the product has significantly decreased the material input for the product by recycling the nut husk for energy. The draw back to the industry is the length of time it takes to grow. This does not help much in employment. The lack of employment for the industry causes the government to subsidize the population. This type of subsidy only contributes to other resources to be used with no net gain. With running shelters, food drives, and government services that supply help to those who need it the state has found it next to impossible to keep a balanced budget, which causes more cut backs.
Renewable and nonrenewable sources
Hawai’i is blessed with many renewable resources for both alternative energy and production of products. The issue is not the lack of, but the cost in obtaining these sources. Hawai’i has tried several times with wind energy and wave energy. The issue comes from the lack of a production industry. So all products rely again on outside companies. The cost of the products and the transportation of the product increase the prices drastically. Each time a company comes in to try, they go under because of the shear cost factors. There are many wind farms that no longer work in Hawai’i. One such wind farm is located at South Point, Hawaii Island. It is known as the wind farm bone yard, except there is no recycling process. The area is a sore thumb for most of Hawai’i and fears of adding more complicated the process as other wind Farms goes out of business around the state.
Solar technology is solely based outside of Hawai’I, and it comes with a premium price. The industry is taking shape, but all the cut backs in the city and state services has made the waiting process for permitting and hook up to almost a year long struggle for home owners. So homeowners are not so willing to buy into the program when having to pay a bill on a product that cannot be used to save money.
Recognition of hawaiian independence. (2014). Retrieved from http://hawaiiankingdom.org/treaties.shtml
Fish, H. (2014). Convention Hawaiian Islands. Retrieved from http://hawaiiankingdom.org/pdf/Annex%207.pdf
Sahagun, L. (2014). Bitter end to hawaii’s ‘sugar life. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/1994-03-19/news/mn-35842_1_cane-fields
Houseknecht, M. (2014). Material flows on the island of hawai‘i . Retrieved from http://www.kohalacenter.org/pdf/hi_mfa.pdf